What is a colonic polyp?

What is a colonic polyp?

Is colonic polyp dangerous?

QUESTION: I am 55 years of age and have had a colonoscopy and biopsy of a large polyp in my bowel. My father died of colon cancer at age 60. I am concerned this will be cancer and if so what are the implications?

ANSWER: A Hopefully your results will show a benign polyp, but even so the entire polyp will need to be removed and fully examined and you will need further colonoscopies in the future to determine if you have developed more polyps. Your situation highlights the importance of colonoscopy (telescope test of the bowel) especially with a family history of colorectal cancer.

Colonic polyps are small benign growths on the inside lining of the bowel. If undetected, they can gradually enlarge over many years. If left untreated the cells within these polyps can change (dysplasia) and ultimately turn into invasive bowel cancer. Once cancer develops there is potential for spread outside the bowel. Routine colonoscopy before the onset of symptoms, with identification and removal of polyps, can prevent cancer.

Colonoscopy is essential for those with a strong family history of colon cancer and in some countries routine colonoscopy for everyone over the age of 50 years is recommended.

Should your biopsies demonstrate cancer you will need referral to a specialist colorectal surgeon for investigation and treatment in a centre with full modern diagnostic and therapeutic facilities where a specialist multidisciplinary team with expertise in bowel cancer will co-ordinate your care. This team will include cancer surgeons, radiologists, pathologists, radiation and medical oncologists. Scans will be performed to assess the extent of the tumour and potential spread to other organs. A CT scan is often sufficient but more detailed scans such as MRI or PET/CT scans may be required.

Based on your investigations your team will recommend a plan of treatment designed to optimise long-term cure. Most patients will initially require surgery to remove their tumour and subsequent chemotherapy may be required. With tumours of the rectum, or lowermost bowel, treatment is more complex and many patients will have radio- therapy and chemotherapy to shrink the tumour initially and then have surgery to remove it.

Surgery for cancer of the colon or rectum can now be performed in up to 90 per cent of patients using laparoscopic (keyhole) surgery. This technique allows removal of the colon without opening the abdomen and results in a much faster and easier recovery with a shorter hospital stay, reduced risk of complications and speedier chemotherapy if required. Advances in diagnosis and treatment are gradually improving outcome and more than 50 per cent of patients are fully cured, the chances of cure being much better the earlier the cancer is detected.

After treatment your surgeon will recommend a routine schedule of long-term follow-up including regular examination, scans and colonoscopies.

What is a colonic polyps?
What to expect from a colonoscopy
What is the function of your colon?
Lifestyle risks for developing colon cancer

Medical symptoms.

* Source: Irish Times

Obesity above waiste (apple) vs. obesity below waiste (pear)..

Obesity above waiste (apple) vs. obesity below waiste (pear).

Colon cancer colonoscopy.

Colon cancer studied with colonoscopy.

People with a common genetic variation in their fat cells may have some protection against developing colon cancer, according to a study that provides the first DNA link between the deadly tumors and obesity.

Fat cells produce adiponectin, a hormone that appears at lower levels in people who are obese or have diabetes. It also can be found within the colon, where it seems to help regulate cell growth. Obesity and colon cancer are known to have genetic ties, so the researchers homed in on the common ground between the two conditions.

The study, comprised of reviews of colon cancer patients and healthy comparisons in New York and Chicago, found those with a variation in the adiponectin gene were almost 30 percent less likely to have the tumors.

The results in the Journal of the American Medical Association may one day help doctors fine-tune screening for colon cancer, the second deadliest malignancy after lung cancer, the researchers said.

“If you enhance your ability to screen these higher-risk individuals, you may have a greater chance of picking up the disease at an early stage and preventing them from dying of colon cancer,” said lead investigator Boris Pasche, director of hematology and oncology at the University of Alabama. “That is the hope.”

Colorectal cancer is diagnosed in more than 100,000 people in the U.S. each year, making it the fourth most common tumor in Americans, according to the American Cancer Society. Nearly 50,000 Americans die from it annually, even though the disease can be prevented if caught early when precancerous lesions are first developing. Fewer than half of people who should get screened each year actually undergo the tests, research shows.

Additional work is needed to determine if genetic tests to help identify people who need earlier, more frequent screening can save lives, the investigators said.

What is a colonoscopy?
The benefits of colonic therapy & enema
Milk reduces risk of colon cancer
Lifestyle risks for colon cancer
Colon cleanse advice + opportunities

* Source: Daily Herald

Colonic irrigation remains controversial.

Colonic irrigation remains controversial.


A friend of mine recently told me she was getting colonic irrigation. She is generally healthy but had been feeling run down. After three sessions, she felt much more energetic and believes that the treatment removes toxins from her body. Is this true? Is colonic irrigation safe?


Colonic irrigation, also called colonic hydrotherapy, is a variant of enema treatment, which involves flushing the bowel with water in different quantities, temperatures, and pressures. Through a tube inserted via the rectum, water may be introduced alone or with added enzymes, coffee, probiotics, or herbs. Treatment sessions usually last about one hour.

Colonic irrigation may have been used as early as ancient times in Egypt, China, India, and Greece. This practice gained some popularity in 19th century European spas.

Without scientific evidence to support the claims, colonic irrigation has been promoted in modern times to improve general well being and suggested as a treatment for cancer and other diseases unrelated to the lower intestine.

Colonic irrigation should not be used as the sole treatment (instead of more proven therapies) for severe conditions, and it should not delay consultation with a qualified health care provider for a potentially severe symptom or illness.

In my opinion, the evidence to date does not support the use of colonic irrigation as a way to promote better health and prevent disease. Although rare, serious complications can occur.

By Howard LeWine, M.D.
Tribune Media Services

What to expect from colonics
The benefits of colonic hydrotherapy
The truth about colonics & detox diets
Colonics: a health warning
Home colonics: your private colon cleanse therapy

* Source: Aurora Sentinel

Celebrities & colonic irrigation.

Celebrity colon cleanse.

Celebrity’s colon cleanse

New York (ANI): As more celebrities jump on the detox bandwagon, it’s also catching on with the general public. But some medical experts say these body-cleansing diets are not only unnecessary, they can also be dangerous.

Dr. David Robbins, at Beth Israel Medical Center, said that detox diets do not work, in fact they can cause more harm than good. “The concept that you need to detox your body like you would take your car for an oil change is entirely off base,” The New York Daily New quoted him, as saying. Here’s how some celeb-tested cleanses measure up.

An overview of the very popular detox diets done by large numbers of celebrities:

Oprah Winfrey & Kathy Frenton's 21-Day Cleanse.

Oprah Winfrey & Kathy Frenton

1. Kathy Frenton’s 21-Day Cleanse Celebrity: Oprah Winfrey.

The spiritual plan preaches ‘conscious eating’ by cutting all animal products, gluten, caffeine, sugar and alcohol for up to 21 days. “Dietary excess and gluttony is not good for you, sure, but to start excluding major food groups is foolish,” Robbins said.

Gwyneth Paltrow & Dr. Joshi's holistic detox.

Gwyneth Paltrow & Dr. Joshi

2. Dr. Joshi’s holistic detox Celebrity: Gwyneth Paltrow

This plan promises transformation in 21 days by avoiding acidic, toxic and refined foods so the body’s pH balance becomes alkaline. “It’s all fantasy at best and dangerous at its worst,” Robbins said.

Robin Quivers & Martha's Vineyard Detox.

Robin Quivers & Martha

3. Martha’s Vineyard Detox Diet Celebrity: Robin Quivers

The radio co-host followed Roni DeLuz’s ’21 Pounds in 21 Days.’ The fast sheds a pound a day by subsisting on live juices, enzymes – and regular colonics. Robbins said that the body is expert at cleaning itself. “We know from thousands of colonscopies, in which we peer into the lining of the colon, that there’s no toxic residue,” he said.

Beyonce Knowles & Master Cleanser.

Beyonce Knowles & Master Cleanser.

4. Master Cleanser Celebrity: Beyonce Knowles

The pop star slimmed down drastically to play skinny ‘Dreamgirls’ singer Deena Jones by living on water mixed with lemon, maple syrup and cayenne pepper. “You don’t have to starve yourself,” Robbins said. He sees liquid-diet patients come in with electrolyte imbalances ‘and profound diarrhea and nausea.’

What you should know about colon irrigation
The preperation of colonic hydrotherapy
The detox strategy
How to cleanse your colon
Colonics resources & articles

* Source: Oneindia.in

One glass of milk a day reduces your risk for colon cancer.

One glass of milk each day will likely reduce your risk for colon cancer.

Milk recudes risk of colon cancer!

Research indicates that drinking 1 glass of milk each day will likely help you to lower your risk of colon cancer. This was the overall result reported from 10 large studies: people who drank more than 1 glass (8 ounces) of milk each day, were 15% less likely to develop colon cancer than people who drank less than 2 glasses each week.

Lead researcher Eunyoung Cho, ScD, describes:

“While researchers and physicians do not yet know what causes colorectal cancer, the results of this study have brought us even closer to understanding how to reduce the risk of this disease.”

A group led by researchers from Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston published their findings in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute (Vol. 96, No. 13: 1015-1022).

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer among both men and women in the United States (excluding skin cancers). More than 146,000 people will be diagnosed with this disease in 2004, and more than 56,000 people are expected to die from it.

Doctors know that some food choices — like eating a diet high in animal fat — can increase a person’s risk of developing this disease. But it’s less clear whether specific foods or nutrients can also protect against colon cancer.


Many studies have examined the relationship between calcium and colon cancer risk, and some have found a protective effect. By looking at data from 10 large studies, the new research provides stronger evidence of that effect.

The studies contained information about both dietary calcium — from dairy foods like milk, cheese and yogurt – as well as total calcium – from food and from supplements.

Calcium intake overall had a significant effect on colon cancer risk. People who got the highest amounts of total calcium — 1,100 milligrams a day or more — reduced their risk by about 21% compared to people who got only 500 milligrams of calcium a day.

When the researchers examined the effects of calcium from food alone, only milk had a significant effect on colon cancer risk. However, milk was the most common dairy product consumed; fewer people ate yogurt or cheese, so if those foods had an effect it may not have been apparent in the analysis.

The calcium in milk may not be the only nutrient at work, though. Milk also contains vitamin D, which may also have a protective effect. Or the two nutrients may work together to provide protection. It is difficult for researchers to tease out the effects of individual nutrients, especially when found in the same foods.

Colon cleanse: how to cherish your health
The benefits of colon hydrotherapy
About the function of your colon
Risk factors for colon cancer
News about your colon & colonics

* Source: Cancer.org

Good bacteria at work in your colon.

Colonic cleansing & better health

Who would have thought that our colon is very important? Or those problems with our colon will reflect as problems in other vital organs? Experts from the Royal Society of Medicine in the United Kingdom have findings supporting the claim that an individual’s health is influenced by the condition of his colon. Their conclusion states that infections that originate in your gastrointestinal tract are directly related to 90% of chronic illness.

Now that you know that, you might want to consider looking at the details of your diet. Or perhaps monitor if you have regular bowel movement.

Your Food and Your Health:

The saying “you are what you eat” is finally backed up by a lot of scientific findings. Results of a number of medical investigations state that our current lifestyle is one of the primary causes of colon deterioration. Pollutants in the environment that we directly or indirectly ingest also do harm to our bodies. These problems make it difficult for your digestive system to do its important role in the human body. Because of digestive system malfunctions, toxins can build up in our body making our system go haywire.

Doctors and dieticians also blame the problem to the food that we eat everyday. Improper food choices that you make add to the build up of harmful toxins. According to nutritionist, junk food and fast food that we all love may cause problems to our digestive system in the long run.

Mostly, you will not have a regular bowel movement if you love junk food which are low in fiber. Low fiber diet doesn’t promote peristalsis or the normal movement of the intestines. This low or no movement at all of the intestines means fecal matters being deposited instead of being excreted normally which will lead to toxin build up. The toxins in your digestive tract may fire back to the other parts of the body through the blood stream leading to a serious case of poisoning.

Colonic Cleansing:

Knowing the consequences of a polluted environment and a very bad diet, you may ask what you should do to make your colon healthy. Colonic cleansing is recommended by most health practitioners to keep your colon in tip top condition.

Based on numerous studies, cleansing of the colon is recommended by medical experts. A number of methods are suggested but some are still being reviewed for their effectiveness. Doctors have cited safe ways of cleaning the colon by using colonics, pills, enemas, and other herbal products.

If you are on a tight budget, you may considerer some home made recipes tried and tested by some individuals, but it is recommended to seek the advice of the doctor prior to using home made colon cleansers. The doctor will be able to tell you if the main ingredients are not harmful to the human body.

It may be practical to use homemade colon cleansers since they are cheaper than the marketed licensed products. It should be noted though that licensed products have been subjected to a series of tests to prove that they are safe for human use.

Wong Darren is an online medical researcher and webmaster of Colon Cleanse.


The benefits of colonic therapy!
Basics of a colonic irrigation treatment
Exercise reduces risk for colon cancer
Colonic: how to cleanse your colon

* Source: Best Syndication

Colonics & detox diets.

The truth about colonics

Most toxins reach the bloodstream when we swallow or inhale them. Others pass through the skin. Still others are released by dying cells or invading bacteria.

The liver is the body’s purification plant. Toxins are filtered and removed from the blood and broken down in the liver before they can do harm. Toxins are also broken down by the kidneys and eliminated in the urine. Digestive acids and enzymes neutralize toxins which are then eliminated in the feces. Toxins can also be exhaled out of the body. The large intestine also contains hundreds of beneficial bacteria which also help to reduce toxin activity and side effects. As you can see, the body is designed to protect and cleanse itself.

Detoxification Diets are popular and a current trend regarding health. Apparently by restricting certain foods and drinking specific beverages, you can clean and detoxify designated body systems. These programs can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. Some people do report feelings of energy, lightness, better attention and focus, but this is likely a placebo effect — people believe they are doing something good for themselves. Many people who detox report large amounts of weight loss. This weight loss is primarily water loss and dehydration; it is not permanent fat loss.

There is no medical evidence that detox diets actually remove toxins from the body. And although they are not necessarily unsafe, they are far from being nutritious and healthy for the body. Colonic cleansing uses herbal ingredients, laxatives, enemas, colonics and irrigation devices.

These can disrupt the normal function and balance of the large intestine, resulting in electrolyte imbalances, diarrhea, dehydration and damage to the protective bacteria in the large intestine. Medical doctors do not recommend colon cleansing for improved health and wellbeing or for the prevention of disease.

The colon doesn’t need to be cleansed. In fact, the only appropriate use for colon cleansing is in preparation for a medical procedure used to examine the colon. Eating fresh produce, drinking plenty of water, and exercising regularly will help you feel healthier and more energetic.

But meeting your body’s nutritional needs for protein, calcium and other nutrients is also important. Remember your body is designed to purify itself.

Penny Forrester PhD, RNP,
weight loss specialist.


What to expect from colonic hydrotherapy?
How to recognize the best colon cleanser product?
Colonics, a health warning
The detox strategy

* Source: Belleville Intelligencer

The function of your colon.

The function of your colon.


The colon’s main function concerns the extraction of water and salts from feces. Therefore the colon is a kind of a storage tube for solid wastes. The large intestine comes after the small intestine in the digestive tract. The large intestine measures approximately 1.5 meters in length.

Although there are differences in the large intestine between different organisms, the large intestine is mainly responsible for storing waste, reclaiming water, maintaining the water balance, and absorbing some vitamins, such as vitamin K. By the time the chyme has reached this tube, almost all nutrients and 90% of the water have been absorbed by the body. As the chyme moves through the large intestine, most of the remaining water is removed. Source: The function of your colon


Gina Yashere.

Gina Yashere.

Gina Yashere did her ‘colonic irrigation’ in Thailand:

The past year and a half has seen big things happen to Gina Yashere: she lost 4st (25kg) in ten months, thanks to a spell of colonic irrigation in Thailand.

Then the newly size-12 comedian was chosen to be the first Briton to appear on US TV stand-up show Def Comedy Jam. She later ditched north London for LA, bemoaning the lack of TV opportunities on these shores.

Three years ago, she was also diagnosed with lupus, the arthritic effects of which are visible – her movements are a little stiffer, her knuckles puffier. All this provided interesting fuel for this Hackney Empire show, her typical ballsy spirit making for plenty of belly laughs as she details her experiences.

There is some well-observed humour in her material, which is mostly along race-related lines (black people aren’t animal lovers, she says: ‘The only time you’ll ever see a black person at the vet is if they’ve had to wait too long for the GP.’); only the crowd-working occasionally misfires.

This is a crackling, fizzing set from this all-or-nothing woman, who is now a rarity on the live British scene.


Source: metro.co.uk

Biotech firm Acambis.

Biotech firm Acambis presents a new vaccin against diarrhoea infections in hospitals - caused by killer superbug

The pathogenic bacterium C. difficile releases Toxin A when it attacks intestinal cells.

The pathogenic bacterium C. difficile releases Toxin A when it attacks intestinal cells. This prompts the release of cytokines, inducing intestinal damage, inflammation, and fluid secretion. S. boulardii, a probiotic yeast, halts this havoc, though researchers have yet to identify the specific factors conferring its protective effect.

Gloucestershire Royal Hospital.

Gloucestershire Royal Hospital.

Acambis presents a new ‘anti-diarrhoea’ vaccin:

A new vaccine against killer superbug ‘C-diff’ (C. difficile) – the major cause of diarrhoea infections in hospitals (CDAD) – is to be trialled in UK hospitals. The vaccine is developed by biotech firm Acambis.

CDAD occurs frequently during antibiotic therapy. Bacteria live in the colon of every healthy person that is collectively referred as the ‘colonic flora’. The ‘colonic flora’ helps the digestive system to function effectively and apparently prevents colonization by C. difficile.

Today, no vaccine exists to protect individuals against CDAD. Acambis is the only company known to be developing a vaccine against it. In the past most cases of CDAD have been treated with antibiotics: oral metronidazole or vancomycin. The problem with this approach is that antibiotics keep patients susceptible to C-diff infection.

Commenting on the promising results of previous trials, Dr Thomas Monath, Chief Scientific Officer of Acambis, said, “The need for a vaccine to protect against C. difficile infection has grown with the emergence of a hypertoxic and epidemic C. difficile strain associated with severe disease, which has been reported in North America and the UK.

Dr Sean Elyan, medical director at Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, said: “We have been chosen alongside a select number of trusts to pilot the vaccine. That will involve looking at blood tests and analysing the results. It’s very exciting, but we are not going to relax and continue to take infection control very seriously.”


Source: medindia.net